Integrated Community Development

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INTEGRATED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME

 PROGRAMME ON LIVELIHOOD

The state of Orissa is one of the most backward in terms of development where a substantial number of people live in abject poverty and impoverishment. They struggle  to arrange two square meals a day for self and family. The western part of the state is more prone to poverty. The prevalence of poverty is more among the marginalized section of the society. So in order to improve the livelihood options of the marginalized people the organisation is working to provide alternative livelihood to the marginalized people. Supported by CASA the organisation undertook  the following programmes for enhancement of the livelihood system of the target group. 

Objectives of the Programme  

The broad objective of the programme is to empower the target people for accessing & controlling means of production through rational decision-making process and also to achieve specific objective related to above issue/component through the process of research advocacy & Networking in a Rights-based Approach. Some of the specific objectives of the programme are- 

  • To improve the socio-economic conditions of the target population by the promotion of organic farming.
  • To form and strengthen Community-based Organisations at various levels.
  • To establish linkages with the resource institutions.
  • To bring to the notice of the PRI representatives as well as government   functionaries on community plan (Lok Yojana).
  • To empower women through cluster forum in a rights-based approach.

 Programme Strategies:

In order to reach the objectives of the programme the following strategies are being followed.

  • Strengthening of cluster forum.
  • Review & revisit of Lok Yojana (community plan).
  • Capacity Building.
  • Advocacy networking of CBOs & alliance building.
  • Research & documentation.
  • Involvement of civil society.
  • Empower to women in decision making process.  
  • making process through LokYojana.
  • Strengthening farmers’ forum for optimum use of available local resources & fight for their right. 


 

Demography Profile of the Project Area

 

Name of G.P

Total H.H

Population

SC

ST

Others

Male

Female

Total

Bhatlaida

886

3066

2950

6016

1261

3136

1639

Niktimal

852

2028

1983

4011

989

1716

1452

 

Nos. of group

Nos. of forum

Cadre

SHG

FC

Y/C

Cluster

G.P

Block

Male

Female

64

36

11

06

02

01

20

11

 Programme Activities: 

As part of the programme the following activities were undertaken to enhance the livelihood options of the target group. 

A. Capacity Building 

In the project area there is very low level of awareness among the target group who cannot put their demands forward. So under the project capacity-building of the secondary stakeholders were enhanced who are supposed to act as change-makers who will demand their just rights from the authorities. During the project period more than 750 youths including village, leaders, women groups, youth leaders and PRI representatives were provided training. With the successful training these youths are placing their legitimate demand before the authorities and their appeals are being given proper hearing at various levels. The following training and capacity-building programmes were undertaken as part of the project during the year.

  

Sl No.

Activities

No.

Participant

Total

Male

Female

01

Work shop on present context and strategy planning.

1

14

06

20

02

Training to SHGs on advocacy.

2

36

83

109

03

Training to GB and Staff on research and documentation.

1

14

06

20

04

Training on Right based approach.

1

20

11

31

05

Training to women SHGs on Group management.

2

Nil

195

195

06

Training to FC/SHGs on collective marketing.

2

48

37

85

07

Training on Forest RightsAct

1

71

61

132

08

Training on PDS.

1

94

73

165

 

 

 

 

 

 

      B. Enhancement of Livelihood. 

The organisation is working primarily in a tribal dominated area where people are struggling to arrange two square meals a day. There is rampant poverty and impoverishment. There is no alternative livelihood apart from agriculture and related activities. So any step to enhance the livelihood of the target group following programmes were undertaken under the project. 

Training of the Farmers:

The farmers in the areas are primarily dependent upon paddy for their livelihood. Besides, being highly water intensive it is also exposed to the vagaries of monsoon. So the target farmers were provided training and capacity-building like agricultural training, off-season vegetable farming, vermin composting, use of organic manure and pesticides, linkages of farmers with ATMA and Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) etc. for enhancing their knowledge on improved farming practices. To keep up the motivational level high enough the staff of the organisation paid regular visits to the farmers. Details of the training programmes on agriculture conducted under the project.

 

Sl. No.

Theme of Training

Venue

Duration

No. of Participants

1.

Use of Vermi-compost in Agriculture

ART-SEWA, Kumuradihi

3 days

60

2.

Importance of organic farming for sustainable cultivation

ART-SEWA, Kumuradihi

3 days

300

3.

Off season Vegetable farming

ART-SEWA, Kumuradihi

5 days

150

4.

Mixed Cropping

ART-SEWA, Kumuradihi

3 days

150

5.

Judicious use of water and Natural Resources

ART-SEWA, Kumuradihi

2 days

350

 

 Achievement Under the Project  

As part of the training and capacity-building programme, many of the farmers in the project area especially in the villages of Bhamardihi, Muradipali, Titheimal, Odiapali, Niktimal & Talchanki of Laikera Block have adopted many of these practices. Now they have switched to mixed cropping, organic farming and cultivating summer vegetable crops which is highly profitable. Some of the farmers have also adopted the Sri (paddy) cultivation which is less water intensive and high yielding. More than 200 women have also resorted to kitchen gardening which has not only assured them of their supply of vegetables but also giving them good money out of it.

 C. Gender Justice

In traditional rural Orissa women do not enjoy a high status. Gender-based discrimination and violation is regarded as normal. In order to address the problem, SEWA under the livelihood enhancement programme has been working to make the women equal to men in all fields and to ensure that there is no gender-specific denials like denial to education and food. A lot of training, capacity-building and sensitization programmes have been undertaken in the project area. On the occasion of International Women’s Day a huge programme was undertaken where the women from the entire Jharsuguda district. Activists working in the field of women rights addressed and urged the women to assert their rights from the society. 

Apart from the sensitization programme various training, capacity-building and skill development for economic empowerment were undertaken. They were provided in the concept of self-help, and skill development on small economic activities. During the year the following training and sensitization programmes for Gender justice were undertaken.

 

Sl No.

Activities

No.

Participant

Total

Male

Female

01

Training to adolescent on family life education.

4

Nil

116

116

02

Health Camp (Mother & Child)

1

12

86

98

03

Women day Celebration.

1

 

 

 

04

Strengthening of Cluster level Networking.

1

13

25

38

06

SHGs/FCs Bank linkage.

 

 

 

 

07

Nos. of IGA run.

 

 

 

 

 With the successful implementation of the programme there is a new-found confidence among the women in the area. They are meeting more regularly and discussing various problems they are facing at their homes and society. The women of   Bhatlaid & Niktimal G.P. formed 6th Cluster level network. They make a plan meeting once in every three month. In these meetings they discuss and review Lokyojana & plan for next action. During meeting they plan who will attending Block & District level programme. In district level women’s day programme more than 200 women joined to make the community aware about health issues and facilitated to form and strengthen Goan Kalyan Samitees in their respective villages. These women are taking up the health and sanitation issues in the villages.  Many of these SHG members are also undertaking several income generation programmes to enhance their livelihood.  

 D. Self-Governance 

There is no alternative to self-governance.  So in order to provide people a chance to speak for themselves Panchayati Raj system of Governance was introduced. But unfortunately due to large-scale ignorance the fruits of this novel experiment cannot be realized to the fullest. So under the project the capacity of PRI members were provided necessary training to enable them to fulflill their roles as public representative. During the period four training programmes were conducted under which more than 200 PRI and CBO were provided training on Community plan and responsibilities of PRIs in local self-governance.

 

Sl No.

Activities

No.

Participant

Total

Male

Female

01

Work shop with PRI and CBOs leader for preparation of Community Plan.

02

34

58

92

02

Meeting with PRI members & CBOs representative.

02

82

45

127

 

During the period of reporting we revisited all the villages and reviewed the lok yojanas (People’s Plans). Lok yojana is the major strategic of the said project which gives people a platform to sit down and discuss their own problems. After the training programmes attendance in palli sabha and Gram sabha has increased where people have prioritized their problems. Our trained personal cadre also engaged in different developmental activities with the community like and facilitated to deliver benefits under various programmes like NREGS, IAY and equal distribution of PDS.     

 CHIN FOR CHANGE PROGRAMME 

Due to extreme poverty and impoverishment conditions, the poor and marginalized people in the district do not get the required health services in case of any health emergency. Laikera Block is one such Block which is heavily inhabited by dalits & adivasis most of whom live under the poverty-line. Laikera Block comprises of SCs,  STs and OBC. Among the STs, Kisans Khadias,Mundas & Gands and among  the SCs, Gandas, Ghasias, Chamars are the dominant caste groups. Out of total population, 54% of the entire population are tribals. The poor socio-economic condition of the tribal people are also reflected in their health. The literacy level of the Block stands at around 40 and there is a very high level of Infant Mortality and Maternal Mortality Rate. Pregnant and lactating mothers do not have access to food and nutrition which aggravates the maternal and child health. 

so in order to provide quality health service to the vulnerable community the Chin for Change programme supported by CMAI is launched in the Block.

 Goal of the Project:

To access quality public health services through a process of community mobilization by effective use of participatory communication techniques under the guidance of NRHM.

 Broad Objectives of the Project:

To build the capacity of community members, community organization & the public health providers of the entire Laikera block in communicating their needs, entitlements & challenges so that the public is able to demand and receive their entitlements as enshrined under the NRHM. 

Activities Undertaken Under the Project 

District Level unfolding workshop: 

The programme was formally launched by organizing an unfolding workshop at the district headquarters, Jharsuguda on 23rd of February 2010. Dr.R.K.Choudhory ADMO, Jharsuguda & Dr.Ompraksh Patel, M.O of Mundrajore CHC under Laikera inaugurated the workshop by kindling the light. Various stakeholders like NGOs working in the health sector, health service providers, grassroots level health workers and people from the media were invited on the occasion to discuss on various issues affecting health services in the target block. Mr.Sushil Ku.Dash, Secretary of SEWA in his inaugural address spoke about the goal and objective of the programme and also regarding SEWA and its activities. After the introductory speech he called upon the D.F of CHIN for CHANGE to present the goal, intention, objective and strategies of the project. Dr. Choudhory wished that the message of NRHM could reach far and wide to everyone of Laikera block, through SEWA by the help of CHIN for CHANGE project which is in fact an un-serviced and under-serviced area. There was a firm resolve to make this programme a success.

 

Conducting FGDs

 

As per the PNA guideline, 20 nos. of Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) would be conducted in different selected villages. Out of the 20 planned FGDs 6 nos. of  FGDs are planned for vulnerable community, 6 nos. of FGDs planned for general community, 4 nos. of FGDs planned  for PRI & VHSC, 2 nos. of FGDs for PHC service providers, and 2 nos. of FGDs are aimed at ASHAs .

 The purpose of conducting FGDs is to get more detailed understanding of  various health issues affecting the people, especially marginalized ones. The FGDs are aimed at helping the community to express their opinions and views on sensitive topics in a conducive environment.

 

PRI representatives play a very important role in the rural development which they are doing over the last few years. The PRI members also a role to play in providing quality health services. But it is felt that not all the PRI members are aware regarding their rights and duties regarding their involvement in health sector. To know about their involvement in health sector & identifying the different health issues four nos. FGD for PRI & VHSC were conducted in four G,P’s  of Pakalpada, Sahaspur, Niktimal and Bhatlaida in the Laikera Block. More than 48 no. of PRI members took active part in the FGDs and provided their feedback how they can contribute more positively for providing quality health services to the poor and the marginalized.

While conducting the FGD, issues like health status of the community, the quality of services of sub-centres, PHCs/CHCs, NRHM entitlements, functioning of ASHA, ANMs, AWWs, PRI members, VHSCs, health needs of the community, knowledge on NRHM & govt. schemes, training needs and about communication facilities. There was a very livelihood discussion by the stakeholders who came up with new ideas of improving the health services.

 

The 6 nos. of FGD & Social Mapping for general community were conducted in different selected villages as per the PNA guidelines.

 

Conducting Key Informant Interviews (KII)  

 

The purpose of conducting KII is to collect information from a wide range of people, including community leaders, professionals & residents, who have first-hand knowledge about the community. The trained staff of the project conducted KII of various professionals working in the health sectors including medical workers.

 

 

Outcomes of KII for Doctors:

In KIIs of doctors they were asked  about the health status of the community, the knowledge of NRHM,  own responsibilities, IEC materials, utilization of NRHM entitlements, Govt. initiatives to strengthen NRHM,  needs of training to ASHA & PHC service providers, role of PRI/VHSC in district level health planning and  the communication needs for the community.

 While conducting KII, the CDMO of Jharsuguda was very pleased with the project and promised all kinds of help in achieving the objectives of the project.

 

From the next year the programme will be undertaken in the right earnest.

 

DRC-CYSD SUPPORTED PROGRAMME 

Supported by CYSD-DRC, Sundargarh SEWA is working in Samasingha & Kulihamal G.P.s of Kolabira Block of Jharsuguda district for integrated development of the marginalized people. During this period we focused on three component i.e Livelihood, Local self governance & Primary Education under the project.